Ram’s Head

41. Pendant: Ram’s Head

Accession Number77.AO.81.7
Date525–480 B.C.
DimensionsLength: 40 mm; width: 24 mm; depth: 22 mm; Weight: 10.8 g
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–1977, Gordon McLendon (Dallas, TX), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977.


The pendant shows old breaks and chips as well as modern breaks, including at the tip of the ram’s nose. There is extensive surface loss and chipping, at times deep, along the throat, neck, and horns. A large fissure is near the point where the back meets the surface at the lower neck. The amber is dark red-brown when viewed in ambient light, but transparency is evident in the areas of the modern chips. In transmitted light, the amber is dark red.


This pendant is very like both (cat. no. 39) and (cat. no. 40), but it is closer in details and conception to . It may be by the same hand. The surviving parts of the eyes are almost identical in treatment to those of . There is fine, closely spaced cross-hatch engraving on the nape of the neck and top of the head. Wavy parallel lines define the horn surfaces and contrast with this cross-hatching.

Abrasion marks remain on the back. The base is sharply recessed, which suggests that this flange is functional rather than ornamental. A metal cap or mount probably once covered the caudal end. Two 2 mm lateral bores are drilled from opposite sides of the pendant, but they do not meet. A fragment of metal remains in the right socket.


See the entry for .